This section of the website provides a background to the Home Space research programme: process, inputs and outputs.

It also includes additional material of relevance from previous studies: a short slide show video of the 1990 study and the 2000 study reports – which form the basis for the longitudinal aspects of the research programme.

Research Process

The Home Space programme was initially designed by Prof Paul Jenkins in 2006-7, being submitted to the Danish Council for Independent Research by Prof Jorgen Eskemose Andersen for funding in the latter part of 2008, and approved November 2008 for start-up 2009. Three years of funding were approved – the completion date being changed to end March 2012 on a three month no-cost extension.

The operational work programme was developed in the first half of 2009, including fieldwork to identify local sites from surveys in 1990 and 2000. The fieldwork sampling technique and structure were defined by the latter part of 2009, followed by field testing and training. The physical and socio-economic surveys were implemented for around 100 cases in November-December 2009 and January-February 2010. Ethnographic fieldwork was implemented in the period May-June 2010, covering 19 cases.

Data cleaning and checking, followed by analysis, took place in the May- August period, in parallel with the development of the Context Report. First drafts of most reports were discussed and finalised in Maputo in September 2010 and then presented at workshops in Maputo, Lisbon, Copenhagen and Edinburgh in the latter part of that month, gaining useful feedback.

Final drafts of the reports, including the development of Life Stories took place by September 2011 and were discussed in Maputo while the research team supported the filming of the documentary in that month. Final versions of the reports were available by the end of December, permitting the Synthesis Report to be drafted from January 2012. All reports were completed, as well as the draft documentary, by end March 2012, and presented in Maputo in April of that year.

The website was prepared by end May 2012.

Research inputs

A research programme of this scope involved many people, too numerous to mention all by name specifically, however key inputs are recorded as follows.

The physical and socio-economic surveys were developed by the key academic team, and overseen by Prof Jorgen Eskemose Andersen, who analysed the data and wrote the relevant reports, with inputs from architect Silje Sollienen and architecture student Khadidja Monica Ouis. 

The ethnographic fieldwork was structured by the key academic team, and overseen by Dr Ana Bernard da Costa with key involvement from Mozambican anthropology/sociology academics Dr. Adriano Biza and Judite Chipenembe. Dr Ana da Costa and Dr. Adriano Biza wrote the relevant report.

The fieldwork was undertaken with participation of students of architecture and anthropology from Universidade Eduardo Mondlane. Dr Carlos Trindade oversaw the logistical support for fieldwork through CEDH.

The Context Report and Synthesis Report were written by Prof Paul Jenkins.

The final production of the reports was overseen by Prof Jorgen Eskemose Andersen, with inputs from architecture student Anders Bjerregaard-Andersen. 

The documentary ‘African urban dreams’ was developed and filmed by Prof Noe Mendelle of the Scottish Documentary Film Institute, Edinburgh College of Art, University of Edinburgh, with inputs from Prof Jorgen Eskemose Andersen and Prof Paul Jenkins.

The website design was prepared by Anders Bjerregaard-Andersen, overseen by Prof Jorgen Eskemose Andersen, with inputs from Prof Paul Jenkins.

Apart from the funding from the Danish Council for Independent Research, the time donated by Edinburgh and Lisbon institutions for their academics’ inputs – Prof Paul Jenkins & Dr Ana Bernard da Costa – has been a key aspect of the programme’s success.

Research outputs

There are six main reported outputs from the research – with several subordinate reports - all available to download in the publications section.

Previous studies

1990 study - This study was implemented by Prof Paul Jenkins while working for UNCHS (Habitat) in the Housing Policy Project MOZ/86/005. The study surveyed the physical and socio-economic detail of 16 households in what was then the (planned) urban ‘frontline’ in Mahotas (now Bairro 3 de Fevreiro). The study examined the status of the households who were selected as a representative sample of a much larger UN sponsored survey of the area. The resulting report has not been digitised, but the Home Space project has digitised a short slide show video which summarises key elements of the work. You can watch the full video here.

2000 study - This study was funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Economic and Social Research Committee Overseas (ESCOR) and designed and implemented by Prof Paul Jenkins - with key inputs from Prof Julio Carrilho and fieldwork assistance from Vicente Joaquim (both of FAPF), as well as fieldwork assistance from  Napoleão Gaspar of the History Department and Criterio Langa of the Anthropology Department -  all of Eduardo Mondlane University.

The study focussed on the impact of the emerging urban land market on the urban poor, using physical and socio-economic surveys. The physical survey techniques were similar to 1990, but the socio-economic survey was based on a qualitative survey of key households assets, as opposed to the more quantitative 1990 socio-economic questionnaire (which was less successful). The case studies (total 45) were located in five main ‘hotspots’ of emerging urban land market activity in the city: Polana Caniço, Laulane, Mahotas, Magoanine and Zimpeto. Three of these areas fall within the Home Space study area.

The final report (English and Portuguese) can be downloaded here, as well as the fieldwork summaries (including graphic information): Polana Caniço, Laulane/Mahotas and Zimpeto.


1990 study of housing and living conditions in Maputo peri-urban area by Paul Jenkins on Vimeo.